The generalized idea of disability architecture spontaneously and reductively refers to the addition of glued elements, after construction, on buildings such as freight elevators, access ramps or barrier barriers. These incongruous prostheses have the effect of further stigmatizing disability and do not create a coherent architectural work. Asking the question of disability first requires distinguishing families of disabilities that affect the physical, sensory, mental, cognitive or psychic functions of the individual, each of whom is likely to become disabled, sick, accident or aging.
“When architecture erases disability”
27 September – 25 October, 2019
Halles de Pau
Rue de la République, 64000 Pau
This (re) knowledge influences our social representations of disability. Changing attitudes and the management of disabilities requires an awareness of the “right to be different” as well as the “right to indifference”, which raises a number of paradoxes that must be addressed.
For the construction of the Helsingor Psychiatric Hospital in Denmark, PLOT’s architects (Bjarke Ingels & Julien de Smedt) have focused on materializing a central organization, necessary for the reference of individuals while offering freedom and autonomy of a decentralized complex.
In London, the agency 6a architects realized a house extension, winding between the trees of a garden and creating a stroll for its owner, a mother of a family dependent on a wheelchair. At the new Louvre museum in Lens, the path for the visually impaired suggests a discreet path shared by all visitors.
In Tokyo, in the district of Itabaki, architect Takeshi Hosaka designed a family home with a hundred windows, a great plasticity, which allow deaf parents to maintain contact with their two children.