Jože Plečnik (1872-1957). Part of the exterior of the Churc of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Prague, 1928-1932.
The exhibition Plečnik’s Ljubljana is a collaboration between the Museum and Galleries of Ljubljana (MGML) and the Museum of Architecture and Design (MAO), created by an initiative of the Slovenian Ministry of Culture. Part of the Plečnik Year 2017, the exhibition will present the maestro’s architecture across European cities. Its first stop, from 7 March to 27 April, is the Spanish capital of Madrid.
March 7 – April 27. 2017
LaSede COAM, First Floor
C/ Hortaleza 63,
For the commemoration of the Plečnik Year 2017 the Embassy of Slovenia in Madrid, in collaboration with the Slovenian Ministry of Culture, Austrian Cultural Forum and the Czech Cultural Centre, is opening the exhibition Plečnik (1872–1957): Architect of Ljubljana, Prague and Vienna. The exhibition, which presents the masterful works of Plečnik in Ljubljana, Prague and Vienna, is on view between 7 March and 27 April at the architectural college of Madrid (Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Madrid, COAM, C/ Hortaleza 63, Madrid). Its curators Natalija Lapajne, MAO, and Ana Porok, MGML, prepared a well-rounded presentation of Plečnik’s Ljubljana.
Jože Plečnik (1872-1957). Three bridges.
Jože Plečnik (1872-1957). Church of St Michael in Crna Vas, Ljubljana, 1937-1938.
ABOUT THE EXHIBITION
Curators Ana Porok and Natalija Lapajne wrote in the exhibition’s introduction:
In 2017 we are celebrating the Plečnik year to commemorate the 145th anniversary of the birth and the 60th anniversary of the death of the architect Jože Plečnik. However, our recognition and valuation of his creations is not limited solely to a moment in time and space because his work touches the very universality and timelessness recognisable to all attentive observers. Characterized by the remains of the Roman period and particularly by Baroque style architecture, Ljubljana received its first modern urban plan, a work of Plečnik’s contemporary Max Fabiani, after the earthquake of 1895. From being a sleepy provincial town, it transformed into a modern Art-Noveau-style capital displaying new aesthetic ideals. It took Plečnik nearly three decades to put his vision of Ljubljana into reality. Faced with an already built up space, he redesigned and upgraded it, and between 1921 and 1957 he filled its city grid with a number of impressive buildings.
Jože Plečnik (1872-1957) . Obelisk on the moravian Bastion, Prague castle, 1922-1923
The National and University Library, the Garden of All Saints – Žale, the St. Francis Church in Šiška, and the Ljubljanica bridges are some of his most important interventions within the city. The land axis leading from his house in Trnovo to the Congress Square and the Zvezda Park in the city center represents the city’s cultural avenue. The water axis comprises the arrangement of the Ljubljanica basin, starting with the Trnovski pristan embankment, continuing with the Ljubljanica embankments in the city centre, the Cobbler’s Bridge, the Triple Bridge and Central marketplace, and ending with the sluices. With his arrangement of the embankments and bridges, placing of trees and other vegetation, which he understood as a means of architecture, Plečnik infused Ljubljana with a Mediterranean spirit. His third city axis connects the Jakopič Promenade in Tivoli Park with the Ljubljana Castle on the hill. A special and sacred place is the Garden of All Saints, part of the Žale Cemetary where Plečnik, with extraordinary sensibility and veneration, honoured the citizens of Ljubljana. The architect has transformed the capital so much that we now see it as “Plečnik’s Ljubljana”, a singular urban phenomenon and a comprehensive artwork of the 20th century.
Jože Plečnik (1872-1957). The Parliament of slovenia, model, 1949.
Jože Plečnik (1872-1957). Staircase of the Langer Apartment House in Vienna, 1901-1902.
Simultaneously with the Slovenian capital Plečnik also worked in Prague, where he made interventions in parts of the Prague Castle for the then president Masaryk and built the Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Our Lord, works which inspired many Czech architects. Numerous ideas were born, reciprocally multiplied, diversified and realised in one of the capitals. A joint effort of Slovenia and the Czech Republic for the international renown of the architect is now focused in the nomination project for the inscription of his works on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Jože Plečnik (1872-1957). Church os st Francis in Ljubljana, 1925-1927.
Independent from contemporary architectural styles of the early 20th century, especially of the reigning modernism, Plečnik was able to develop his unique architectural language. His unique approach to the reinterpretation of architectural heritage and an extraordinarily rich symbolism contain elements of timeless architecture. With his approach he upgraded and reinterpreted space, while he modernised it and looked for new usages of its traditional function. His architecture offers universal solutions for key questions in different generations, which makes his works perennial.
News source: COAM
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