“Modernities: Brazilian Photography (1940-1964)” exhibition at Gulbenkian Foundation Paris

History has taught us that cosmopolitism, people’s mobility and globalised artistic movements are not necessarily recent phenomena -this exhibition aims to demonstrate how contemporaneity does not emerge from a void but is built through continuities and ruptures.

 

Palais du Congrès National, Brasília vers 1960. Tirage contemporain gélatino-argentique . Marcel Gautherot © Courtoisie de l’artiste et de l’Instituto Moreira Salles

Palais du Congrès National, Brasília vers 1960. Marcel Gautherot © Courtoisie de l’artiste et de l’Instituto Moreira Salles

 

At the beginning of the 1940s, during the Second World War, Brazil was a destination of choice for thousands of emigrants. The country went through a unique modernisation process affecting all sectors of Brazilian society. The exhibition explores this extraordinary transformation through the eyes of four photographers with very different styles and sensibilities. Marcel Gautherot (1910-1996) was a Parisian from a working class background who greatly admired Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe’s work ; he had access to Brasília as early as 1958, thanks to his friendship with Oscar Niemeyer. Hans Gunter Flieg (1923) fled nazism as a German Jew and came to Brazil in 1939 where he specialised in photographing industries. (more…)