Location : Mulhouse, France
Design years : 2014 (2009)
Client : SOMCO
Architects: Anne Lacaton & Jean Philippe Vassal
with Benjamin Dubreu construction supervision
Engineers: H.N ingénierie (concrete structure), E.T.F ingénierie (systems), CARDONNEL ingénierie (thermic)
Program: 59 dwellings + shops
Size : 8 820 sqm SHON dwellings (including 2410 sqm winter gardens) and 93 sqm shops
Cost : 5,75 M€ net
The aims of the project are first defined in terms of quality of living :
– creating dwellings surfaces bigger than the standards
– offering additionnal and intermediate spaces, with different characteristics than traditional rooms in an individual house, that widen the uses, the diversity of spaces and the climatic possibilities.
– bringing the collective housing closer to an individual house, developing principles such as outdoor spaces that extend the indoor rooms.
– optimizing the number of dwellings compare to the plot capacity, in order to develop a project economy to encourage the creation of the largest possible surfaces.
Some of the dwellings are duplex apartments. The flats , from T1 to T5, are running through.
The living rooms, south-east oriented, open on to an unoverlooked terrace, that can be fully closed in winter. These wintergardens, widely opened in summer, encourage a bioclimatic system by avoiding overheating problems with a natural ventilation, and create a buffer space in winter.
The construction is performing in terms of energy saving. The constructive system is mostly composed by industrialized elements. The project’s conception satisfies the requirements regarding the respect for the environment, the energy saving, and fits to the sustainable development philosophy, including the inhabitants quality of living as a main criteria.
Anne LACATON was born in France in 1955. She graduated from the School of architecture of Bordeaux in 1980, and got a diploma in Urban Planning at the university of Bordeaux in 1984. She is teaching as a visiting professor at the University of Madrid since 2007, and was invited in 2011 at the Ecole Polytechnique in Lausanne, as well as in Harvard GSD Studio in Paris in 2011.
Jean Philippe VASSAL was born in Casablanca, Morocco, in 1954. He graduated from the School of Architecture of Bordeaux in 1980. He worked as an urban planner in Niger from 1980 to 1985. He is professor at UdK Berlin since 2012, and has been a visiting professor at the TU in Berlin in 2007-2010, and at the Ecole Polytechnique in Lausanne in 2010-11.
Anne Lacaton and Jean Phillippe Vassal created the office Lacaton & Vassal in 1989, based in Paris. The office has a practice in France, as well as abroad, working on various buildings and urban planning programs.
Main Awards, the Grand Prix National d’Architecture, France, 2008, the Rolf Schock Prize, visual arts category, Sweden 2014, the Daylight & Building Components Award, Velum Fonden, Denmark, 2011, and the International Fellowship of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 2009, the Equerre d’Argent award 2011, with Frédéric Druot, France. Their work has been shortlisted several times and twice finalist for the Mies Van der Rohe Award, European Prize for Contemporary Architecture.
The main works completed by the office are: the FRAC, Public Contemporary Art Collection, in Dunkerque, France; the Palais de Tokyo, Paris, Site for contemporary creation ; social housing and student housing in Paris ; a music and polyvalent hall in Lille ; the Café for the Architektur Zentrum in Vienna ; a School for Business and Management in Bordeaux ; the Architecture school in Nantes, and significant housing projects in France such as the House Latapie, Bordeaux ; the House in the trees, facing Arcachon Bay, the “Cité Manifeste” in Mulhouse. They are now working on the transformation of modernist social housing : the Transformation of Tour Bois le Prêtre in Paris (with Frédéric Druot, architect), in St Nazaire la Chesnaie and in Bordeaux Grand Parc (with F Druot and Ch. Hutin, architects). All these projects are based on a principle of generosity and economy, serving the life, the uses and the appropriation, with the aim of changing the standard.
News source: Lacaton & Vassal and Philippe Rouault