The exhibition is based on Centre Pompidou collection, enriched with works and models from architects’ studios, designers, Japanese museums and private collections. This body of works, exhibited for the first time on this scale in Europe, provides a better understanding of the profusion and richness of Japanese architecture and urban design.
“Japan-ness. Architecture and urbanism in Japan since 1945”
September 9, 2017 – January 8, 2018
1, parvis des Droits-de-l’Homme, Metz
Visitors are immersed in an organic city designed by Sou Fujimoto and move through the cyclical history of Japanese architecture, from the destruction of the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, to its most recent expressions.
Following a chronological path, from 1945 to the present day, the exhibition is divided into six periods:
– Destruction and rebirth (1945);
– Cities and land (1945-1955);
– The emergence of Japanese architecture (1955- 1965);
– Metabolism, Osaka 1970 and the « new vision » (1965-1975);
– The disappearance of architecture (1975 -1995);
– Overexposed architecture, images and narratives (1995 to the present day).
From the 1950s, a new vision of the city and land took shape influenced by Le Corbusier’s international modernist architecture in particular. With Arata Isozaki and Kenzo Tange, a new Japanese architecture marked by the use of concrete emerged between 1955 and 1965. The Osaka universal exposition in 1970 signalled a decisive turning point with the emergence of trends such as “Metabolism” and “New Vision”, represented by Kisho Kurokawa, Yutaka Murata and Kazumasa Yamashita, who used innovative materials, forms and technologies.
In the 1980s and 1990s, a generation of influential architects appeared on the international scene. Toyo Ito, Tadao Ando, Shin Takamatsu, Itsuko Hasegawa and Kazuo Shinohara developed “disappearing architecture”, marked by the simplification of forms, the use of metal and experimentation with the indivdual home. The disaster of the Kobe earthquake in 1995 prompted reflection on emergency architecture.
For some years now, a new generation of architects, recognised with the most prestigious awards, has been working towards an architecture of transparency and a narrative architecture. Shigeru Ban, Kengo Kuma, SANAA and even Sou Fujimoto now embody this drive.
Merely the mention of a few architects’ names, both from the past such as Kenzo Tange, Kisho Kurokawa, Arata Isozaki or Tadao Ando, and contemporary such as Toyo Ito, SANAA (Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa), Kengo Kuma, or Shigeru Ban, is enough to
illustrate the strength with which the Japanese architectural scene resonates in the world.
Until the Japan Architects 1945- 2010 exhibition at the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa in 2014, there had been no exhibitions offering a comprehensive picture of Japanese architecture, either in Japan or international museums. The fascination with the cultural uniqueness of Japanese architecture is due to the extraordinary impact of the metabolism movement which culminated with the creation of the futuristic pavilions of Osaka Expo in 1970.
Curators: Frédéric Migayrou, Deputy Director of Centre Pompidou – National Museum of Modern Art, Paris, and Head Curator of the Architecture Department. Yuki Yoshikawa, Research and Exhibition Officer, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Associate Curator