According to the panel of judges chairman, Jesús Aparicio, “[…] the projects is an electrical assembly workshop located in Extremadura, where we were impressed by the clever use of materials and geometry, the result being a place of work that is closed to the outside yet bright inside.”
Factory Of Electrical Assembly in Spain, by José María Sánchez García
BigMat ’17 Sustainability And Innovative Use Of Material Category Prize
Project title: Factory of electrical assembly
Location: Don Benito, Spain
Office: Jose María Sánchez García Arquitectos
Authors: José María Sánchez García, architect
Collaborators: Mariló Sánchez, project architect Enrique García Margallo, engineer Juan Pedro Cortés, structures Álvaro Muñoz Carrero, quantity Surveyor
Type of work: Private
Photographs: Roland Halbe
The project for this electrical assembly factory transforms the industrial landscape of Don Benito, overcoming its anodyne setting through the use of three strategies to build up a new lexicon: Embracing Floor Plan. As opposed to the traditional type of industrial building plus esplanade in the front, the building occupies the whole square plot, liberating a courtyard inside whose dimension is determined by the maneuvering radius -15m- of trailer trucks. Inside, the ring circulation path creates a sequence of linked spaces that enable users to undertake a continuous walk around the building.
In words of Paulo David (Spanish member of the panel of judges): How to build a factory on an industrial site? By refining the scale to offer integration and continuity, which are sublimated by the material of their surfaces. By improving the materiality that, in this approach, seeks to resolve all situations by enveloping the building in single material. By generating a courtyard that can contain the physical noise of factory life. By seeking an industrial approach that organizes factory management around a contained and rational space. By meticulously harmonizing an economy of means in the execution of particularities. Appropriate a single material by denoting a distinct visual datum. By laying bare the lightness of the materialization, prolonging the hard and the strong, the rational and the industrialized.
Displaced Geometries. The displacement of the position of the courtyard – 30x30m – from the center of the square plot – 45x45m – generates two different bay widths: 6m, for administration and office spaces; 9m, for industrial premises. Vertically, the extrusion of four 10m-high volumes that rotate at right angles helps create a sequence of industrial crenels that house a sequence of mezzanines and clear spaces, addressing the functional demands of the building.
Industrial Vernacularism.The structure, a lightweight metal frame, is covered with corrugated steel sheets as a refined reference to the local context. Though mainly characterized as a hermetic volume, the ingenious resolution of all openings -doors and windows- as displaced rectangular cuts, addresses control of sunlight through the perforation of the sheet panels and distorts the scale of construction, exhibiting a well-balanced use of resources in the execution of all details.
Light Façade. The Factory’s façade solves the necessary embedment of the bearing structure, insulation and finishes through a double strategy of efficiency and reduction of means. On one side, the radical decision to use the same material, miniwave galvanized steel sheet paneling, both externally and internally, simplifies the design and execution of the project, and transforms a povera material into the defining element of light and space. On the other, the numbering and systematization of openings, doors and windows, as standardized cuts for measurements, proportion and technical solutions, allows for reducing the number of construction details employed.