In the last fifty years, Iuav has been repeatedly involved in emergency response when some catastrophic event occurred, such as the Vajont disaster in 1963 or the most recent earthquake in Central Italy in 2016. The authors of the projects shown here are Iuav academics who have tackled the issue of reconstruction by drafting general Plans and projects concerning individual structures. Their activities have always been regulated by agreements between Iuav and the various public administrations from time to time involved in the disaster, or they worked as independent professionals. Frequently, reconstruction issues have been brought into the class, involving the students of the design workshops or graduands.
The current exhibition presents Iuav‘s projects for the reconstruction of urban space and particular buildings in territories affected by natural catasrophes over the last century. On show are many drawings, plans and documents regarding the Vajont, Friuli, Marche and Umbria disaster plans, as well as illustrative plans and consolidations surveys from recent earthquakes in Abruzzo and Central Italy.
The Reconstruction Territories
June, 26 – September 15, 2017
Galleria del Rettorato, Tolentini
Santa Croce 191, Venice
The exhibition is organised in chronological order, presenting the various disasters together with the projects developed by the Iuav academics. There are three main focuses: the first collects the reconstruction projects developed after the Vajont disaster, from the first Plan drafted by Giuseppe Samonà, to the detailed Piani comprensoriali for Longarone and the new Vajont.
The second deals with the studies and reconstruction plans for the historic centre of Venzone by Romeo Ballardini, after the 1976 Friuli earthquake, and include the restoration of the Venzone Cathedral by Francesco Doglioni.
The third, finally, includes the Marche cultural heritage repair, recovery and restoration activities plan, the so-called Code of Practices, drafted by Doglioni after the Marche and Umbria earthquake in 1997. All these plans were drafted on a territorial or urban level, perfected by the local administrations, adopted and implemented; they can therefore be considered complete and shall become reconstruction “case studies”.
In this section the projects are shown using copies of the plan drawings, reworked to a scale that makes them appropriate for mounting on panels. Then there are some additions of projects developed by two Iuav masters, Gino Valle and Romano Burelli, concerning the Friuli reconstruction.
A second section of the exhibition collects material from other calamities, such as the 2002 Molise earthquake, the 2009 Abruzzo earthquake, the 2012 Emilia earthquake, the tornado in the Riviera del Brenta in 2015 and the 2016 Central Italy earthquake, all in chronological order. The safety enhancement and diagnostic survey activities, the consolidation and reconstruction projects or the plans for the conservation of small urban centres damaged by the disaster events are illustrated by means of pictures, diagrams, surveys and project drawings, event by event.
Additionally, workshop teaching activities were also included in the exhibition, to highlight the close connections between teaching and research that have always characterised the Iuav world. Among these you shall find the Plan for the reconstruction of Concordia sulla Secchia (MO), co-ordinated by Maria Rosa Vittadini, which received a special mention in the 2015 edition of the Premio Gubbio by the Associazione Nazionale Centri Storico-Artistici (National Association of historical-artistic centres).
Overall, they show the continuous attention paid to reconstruction issues with regard to both urban centres and individual structures. Iuav has always contributed, with first response activities, knowledge and design support activities, immediately after a catastrophe occurred, in many cases offering its skills to the local administrations and the communities affected by the disasters.