The Ibero-American Architecture and Urban Planning Biennial (BIAU) was launched in 1998 by the Spanish government with the intention of making it one of the key events for understanding the current situation and future prospects of architecture and urban planning in the Ibero-American world. Curated by Ángela García de Paredes and Ignacio Pedrosa,Paredes Pedrosa Arquitectos.
“10th Ibero-American Architecture and Urban Planning Biennial”
April 22 – June 4 2017
Palazzo della Triennale
Viale Emilio Alemagna, 6, Milano
The main focus of the Biennial is on the most significant professional undertakings in the field of architecture. The aim is to put the spotlight on the best publications, the best research projects and the best ideas from architects and students, which may be made known through competitions.
So far, the Biennials have been held in Madrid (1998), Mexico City (2000), Santiago (2002), Lima (2004), Montevideo (2006), Lisbon (2008), Medellin (2010), Cadiz (2012), Rosario (2014), and São Paulo (2016).
On the second leg of its journey after opening in São Paulo in 2016, the exhibition gives an insight into one of the most interesting recent events in architecture worldwide. It is one that winds its way through various Ibero-American countries and its importance was clearly illustrated by the direction of Alejandro Aravena at the latest Biennale of Architecture in Venice. The video dialogue between Eduardo Souto de Moura and Paulo Mendes da Rocha, an authentic guardian angel of Ibero-American architecture, is the underlying thread as well as a wonderful recapitulation of the way in which the issues of sustainability, of the city and of the landscape are seen in the light of a new approach to European architectural culture. At the same time, they do so with a light, fresh approach that is unprecedented anywhere.
The Ibero-American Architecture and Urban Planning Biennial brings together twenty countries fromtwo continents, Europe and America, with 660 million people who inhabit vast areas, covering over 20 million square kilometres with remarkable geographic diversity. The movements of those who are drawn from outlying rural areas to urban centres and of those who move in the opposite direction, leading to the abandonment of cities, form a complex overall picture. This ranges from cities that in just a few decades have turned into vast metropolises – which previously existed only in an imaginary future – to rural settlements in remote places where ancient cultures are still very much alive.
Between the former and the latter we find a whole gamut of variations. Together with the individual cultural circumstances of each society in all the various areas, these phenomena need to be examined well beyond the confines of any one particular place.
The 26 works that constitute this tenth edition of the Ibero-American Architecture and Urban Planning Biennial clearly show the level of flexibility that Ibero-American architecture has achieved. With them, awards are given to research projects and publications in formats that are both traditional – books and journals – and new, with an understanding of how important it has become to understand architecture in all its aspects.
The Ibero-American Award, which is given at each event to a manner of working that has been built up over time, was awarded in this tenth BIAU to Eduardo Souto de Moura, whose work is highly creative and yet never loses contact with reality and never betrays the identity of the location. The key events of this Biennial took place in São Paulo, Brazil, in October 2016.
The exhibition includes the architectural and urban planning projects, publications, research projects, architecture student proposals and videos selected in every category from the 10th Ibero-American Architecture and Urban Planning Biennial, which were produced in 2013-2015 in the countries that comprise the Ibero-American community (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay and Venezuela).